AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
ACTION: Final rule
SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is finalizing changes to existing regulations to protect the public from lead in plumbing materials used in public water systems or residential or nonresidential facilities providing water for human consumption. The changes in this rule codify aspects of the Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act of 2011 (RLDWA) and the Community Fire Safety Act of 2013 (CFSA). The RLDWA amended section 1417 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), which prohibits the use and introduction into commerce of certain plumbing products that are not "lead free." The RLDWA revised the definition of lead free to lower the allowable maximum lead content of plumbing products; and established a statutory method for calculating lead content. EPA is also establishing new requirements for manufacturers or importers that introduce into commerce products that must meet lead free requirements to certify such products as being in compliance with the lead free requirements in Section 1417 of the SDWA, as well as other changes to existing regulations to assist in implementation of Section 1417 of the SDWA, as amended. EPA expects that these requirements for lead content in plumbing materials used in new installations and repairs will result in fewer sources of lead in drinking water and, consequently, will reduce adverse health effects associated with exposure to lead in drinking water. The SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section details EPA's changes to existing regulations as authorized under the SDWA as amended.
DATES: This final rule is effective on 1 October 2020. The compliance date for the product certification requirements in 40 CFR 143.19 is 1 September 2023. For purposes of judicial review, this rule is promulgated as of 1 September 2020.
This final rule and previous actions notified under the symbol G/TBT/N/USA/1261 are identified by Docket Number EPA-HQ-OW-2015-0680. The Docket Folder is available on Regulations.gov at https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=EPA-HQ-OW-2015-0680 and provides access to primary and supporting documents as well as comments received. Documents are also accessible from Regulations.gov by searching the Docket Number.